Behaviourism is a theory which believe children believe in a particular way due to various aspects. There are two versions of this classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
- Classical conditioning is where children behave due to a stimulus and response. For example in school children could be taught through route.
- Operant conditioning is when children behaviour due to reinforcement. For example children could be taught by a teacher continually telling them to behave a certain way.
- Operant conditioning can be positive or negative.
I have seen operant conditioning on practice in both positive and negative ways. Positively I observed this style when teachers used praise to condition children’s behaviour. On the other hand, I observed negative reinforcement when the teacher removed stickers from charts to condition behaviour.
I used positive reinforcement on practice and this is evident in a hard copy of my portfolio.
This is another learning theory and it is a child center d approach. This approach seems children’s as thinkers.
Three theorists that have believe in this theory are: Piaget, Vygotsky and Bruner.
- Piaget believe that children learn in stages
- Vygotsky believe that children learn in a social environment and children follow through the Zone of proximal development
- Bruner believes in scaffolding children’s learning.