Its all about the child

EAL Children are…

  • Children who have recently arrived in the UK and do not speak English 
  • Born in Britain speak home language then speak English upon entry to a school
  • A few children who speak their language 
  • Born in Britain speak another language 
  • Don’t/Do share the same language as the teacher 
  • When all other children in class speak language 

Bilingualism is when a child is fluent in more than one language. 

Ways to support children who are bilingual or EAL – 

  • use actions when talking 
  • visual aids 
  • middle ability 
  • make lessons concrete not abstract 
  • dictionary on hand to talk an understand their language 
  • context into learning 
  • sympathetic to refugee status/emotional needs 
  • interactive teaching techniques 
  • time to watch their playing 
  • culture differences and home mannerisms 
  • someone else write for the child 
  • translators or readers 
  • don’t leave without support


Teaching an EAL child is an opportunity for them, the teacher and also other pupils. This is because it opens up discussion regarding their culture and supports children in the class learning new languages. 

Activities to support EAL can include: cards, snowball, child in between two english speakers, talking, drama, write in both languages and vocabulary games 

Don not put EAL child in low ability because their cognitive development may be impacted and this child may not need extra support or intervention in their learning, therefore, it is important to assess them in their own language to identify their cognitive abilities. 


I believe that it would be a great opportunity to experience having a child with EAL in the classroom and as the opportunity did not arise in PPA1 I would like to work alongside and EAL child when next in a school setting. 





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